Glossary of Platform Law and Policy Terms

About the authors

Luca Belli

Luca Belli, PhD, is Professor of Internet Governance and Regulation at Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV) Law School, where he heads the Center for Technology and Society (CTS-FGV) and the CyberBRICS project, and associated researcher at Centre de Droit Public Comparé of Paris 2 University. He is co-founder and co-coordinator of the IGF Coalition on Platform Responsibility and Director of the Latin- American edition of the Computers Privacy and Data Protection conference (CPDP LatAm). Before joining FGV, Luca worked as an agent for the Council of Europe Internet Governance Unit and served as a Network Neutrality Expert for the Council of Europe. He is author of more than 50 academic publications which have been quoted by numerous media outlets, including The Economist, Financial Times, Forbes, Le Monde, BBC, The Hill, China Today, O Globo, Folha de São Paulo, El Pais, and La Stampa. Luca holds a PhD in Public Law from Université Panthéon-Assas, Paris 2.

Nicolo Zingales

Nicolo Zingales is Professor of Information Law and Regulation at the law school of the Fundação Getulio Vargas in Rio de Janeiro, and coordinator of its E-commerce research group. He is also an affiliated researcher at the Stanford Center for Internet and Society, the Tilburg Law & Economics Center and the Tilburg Institute for Law and Technology, co-founder and co-chair of the Internet Governance Forum’s Dynamic Coalition on Platform Responsibility.

Yasmin Curzi de Mendonça

Researcher at the Center for Technology and Society at the FGV Law School. PhD Candidate at the Rio de Janeiro State University, with a CAPES grant. She holds a Master’s Degree in Social Sciences from PUC-Rio, also with a CAPES grant. Yasmin holds Bachelor’s Degrees in both Law and Social Sciences from FGV-Rio, with an exchange period at the Université Sorbonne (Paris-IV). She is a former assistant researcher at the Center for Law and Economics from the FGV Law School, and former researcher at the Directory for Analysis of Public Policy. As an attorney, Yasmin also has experience with legal counseling, having worked with the NGO Soul Sisters (Brazil, São Paulo), and with the NGO Stop Street Harassment (Washington-DC).

Clara Almeida

Research Assistant at the Center for Technology and Society (CTS- FGV). Master of Laws candidate in Regulatory Law at FGV Direito Rio. Bachelor of Laws from FGV Direito Rio (2019).

Vittorio Bertola

Vittorio Bertola is the Head of Policy & Innovation at Open-Xchange, a leading provider of open source email and DNS solutions, where he develops and promotes new technical standards and advocates an open Internet based on user choice, privacy and federation. In the last twenty years he was involved with several Internet startups, including the early pan-European digital music platform Vitaminic, and he served in many positions in national and international Internetgovernance organizations, including as ICANN Board liaison and Chairman of the At-Large Advisory Committee, and as a member of the United Nations’ Working Group on Internet Governance.

Luã Fergus Cruz

Luã Fergus Cruz is a researcher at the Brazilian Institute for Consumer Protection (Instituto Brasileiro de Defesa do Consumidor, IDEC). He’s also a postgraduate student in Science Communications at State University of Campinas (Unicamp).

Catalina Goanta

Assistant Professor in Private Law at the Faculty of Law. During February 2018 – February 2019, I was a Niels Stensen fellow and visited the University of St. Gallen (The Institute of Work and Employment) and Harvard University (The Berkman Center for Internet and Society). She is also a non-residential fellow of the Stanford Transatlantic Technology Law Forum.

Tamara Gojkovic

Tamara Gojkovic is the Secretary General of the Youth for Exchange and Understanding (YEU) in Belgium and also the Vice President of the Life Long Platform. She holds a BA in Media and Communications and a Master’s Degree in Japanese Language and Literature from the University of Belgrade. From 2020 to 2021 she worked as Head of Operations at the Media Diversity Institute. She has broad experience in project management (Prince2 Practitioner certified), fundraising, campaigning, organisational development and management, strategic planning, policy development and advocacy.

Giovanni de Gregorio

Giovanni De Gregorio is postdoctoral researcher working with the Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies at the University of Oxford. His research focuses on digital constitutionalism, platform governance and digital policy.

Terri Harrel

Terri Harel is the Executive Director at At OnlineSOS, she led content development and research for an in-depth report about the current state of online harassment and its effects on media, journalists and civil society. Before joining OnlineSOS, Terri consulted for nonprofit and tech organizations and, before that, led product marketing at, a fundraising platform for nonprofits. She’s a graduate of the University of California, Berkeley with a degree in Political Economy.

Ivar Hartmann

Ivar Hartmann is an Associate Professor at Insper Learning Institution in São Paulo, Brazil. His research and teaching areas comprise cyberlaw, legal data science and constitutional law. He was previously an Assistant (2013-2018) and Associate (2018-2020) Professor at FGV Law School in Rio de Janeiro, where he coordinated the Center for Technology and Society (CTS-FGV) and the Legal Data Science Nucleus. Ivar holds an MsC from the Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, an LL.M. from Harvard Law School, and an S.J.D. from the Rio de Janeiro State University.

Michael J. Oghia

Michael J. Oghia is a Belgrade-based consultant, editor, researcher, speaker, and ICT sustainability advocate working within the digital policy & infrastructure, Internet governance, and media development ecosystems. He is a third-culture kid (TCK) and a connector at heart with more than a decade of professional experience in conflict resolution, journalism & media, policy, and development across five countries: The United States, Lebanon, India, Turkey, and Serbia.

Daphne Keller

Daphne Keller directs the Program on Platform Regulation at Stanford’s Cyber Policy Center, and was formerly the Director of Intermediary Liability at CIS. Her work focuses on platform regulation and Internet users’ rights. She has published both academically and in popular press; testified and participated in legislative processes; and taught and lectured extensively. Her recent work focuses on legal protections for users’ free expression rights when state and private power intersect, particularly through platforms’ enforcement of Terms of Service or use of algorithmic ranking and recommendations.Until 2015 Daphne was Associate General Counsel for Google, where she had primary responsibility for the company’s search products. She worked on groundbreaking Intermediary Liability litigation and legislation around the world and counseled both overall product development and individual content takedown decisions.

Cynthia Khoo

Cynthia Khoo is an Associate at the Center on Privacy and Technology at Georgetown Law, where she leads on worker surveillance and the civil rights implications of commercial data practices, including algorithmic discrimination. She is a Canadian technology and human rights lawyer who joined the Center after accumulating years of experience in technology law, policy, research, and advocacy with various digital rights NGOs and through her sole practice law firm. Cynthia is also a fellow at the Citizen Lab (University of Toronto). She holds a J.D. from the University of Victoria and an LL.M. from the University of Ottawa.

Stefan Kulk

Stefan Kulk is an assistant-professor at Utrecht University. His research focuses on the role and influence of online services providers in our information societies. He is specialized in online tort law, privacy, and intellectual property. Stefan wrote his PhD-thesis on the liability for illegal content of online service providers, such as internet access providers, search engines, and platforms. During his time as a PhD student, he spent three months at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society of Harvard University. Stefan also wrote several pieces on the right to be forgotten, including achapter in the Cambridge Handbook of Consumer Privacy (together with Frederik Zuiderveen Borgesius).

Paddy Leerssen

Paddy Leerssen is a PhD Candidate in information law at the University of Amsterdam. His research focuses on the regulation and governance of social media platforms, with a particular focus on transparency and data access.

Laila Lorenzon

Laila Lorenzon works at the Data-Pop Alliance and is an International Relations student at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. She is currently a member of the Brazilian Chapter of Internet Society and helps the events and communications team by promoting ISOC Brazil projects and activities. Her main interests are related to gender studies, education and digital citizenship, privacy policies and data protection, Internet Governance. She has worked as a research intern for the Digital Rights Foundations, as assistant researcher at the CyberBRICS Project, and carried out educational projects, being an ambassador of the Digital Citizen Program, created by the NGO Safernet and Facebook.

Enguerrand Marique

Dr. Enguerrand Marique is an Assistant Professor in Conflict Solving Institutions and Digital conflict resolution at Radboud University Nijmegen (The Netherlands) and a guest lecturer at the UCLouvain (Belgium) and Université Saint-Louis, Brussels (Belgium). His current research interests address conflict resolution between users and platforms, EU harmonization policies and digital governance.

Chris Marsden

@ChrisTMarsden is Professor of Internet Law at the University of Sussex and an expert on Internet and new media law, having researched and taught in the field since 1995. Chris researches regulation by code – whether legal, software or social code. He is author of five monographs on Internet law including “Net neutrality: From Policy to Law to Regulation” (2017), “Regulating Code” (2013 with Prof. Ian Brown), “Internet Co-regulation” (2011). He is author of many refereed articles, book chapters, professional articles, keynote addresses, and other scholarly contributions. His current funded research is into Trusted Autonomous Systems (UKRI-EPSRC 2020-24).

Milica Pesic

Milica Pesic is the Executive Director of the Media Diversity Institute (MDI). She has been working in the diversity and media field for more than 20 years, designing and supervising multi-national, multi- annual programmes in Europe, NIS, MENA, South Asia, the Sahel, Sub-Sahara, West Africa, China and Cuba. She has co-designed an MA Course in Diversity and the Media which is jointly run by the MDI and University of Westminster. A journalist by profession, she has reported for the BBC, Radio Free Europe, the Times HES, TV Serbia and other media. She holds an MA in International Journalism from City University, London. Prior to MDI, she had worked for New York University, the IFJ (Brussels) and the Alternative Information Network (Paris). Her current interests are in MIL and CVE. MDI has branches in the US, the Western Balkans, Belgium and the South Caucasus.

Courtney Radsch

Courtney Radsch is an American Journalist. She holds a Ph.D. in international relations and is author of Cyberactivism and Citizen Journalism in Egypt: Digital Dissidence and Political Change. She has also worked as the advocacy director for the Committee to Protect Journalists until 2021.

Roxana Radu

Roxana Radu is an Internet governance and digital policy expert. She is a Research Associate at the Global Governance Centre, Graduate Institute (Geneva) and a non-residential fellow at the Centre for Media, Data and Society, Central European University (Vienna). She is the winner of the 2017 Swiss Network for International Studies Award for her PhD (summa cum laude), obtained at the Graduate Institute. Her interdisciplinary research and publications focus on international governance and Internet policy-making, ranging from the politics of technical standards to artificial intelligence.

Konstantinos Stylianou

Konstantinos Stylianou is an Associate Professor in Competition Law and Regulation at the University of Leeds. His areas of focus are the law and policy of digital markets, antitrust, and blockchain. He has worked on projects funded by the EU, Swedish Competition Authority, Google, Facebook, and Thailand’s National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission among others, and he has been involved with the Hellenic Competition Commission and the Greek Government on the reform of competition law in Greece. He holds an S.J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania, where he studied as an Onassis Scholar, an LL.M. from Harvard University, where he studied as a Fulbright Scholar, and an LL.M. and LL.B. from Aristotle University.

Rolf H. Weber

Prof. Dr. Rolf H. Weber is Professor of international business law at Zurich University acting there as co-director of the Research Program on Financial Market Regulation, the Center for Information Technology, Society, and Law and the Blockchain Center. Furthermore, he was Visiting Professor at Hong Kong University and he is practicing attorney-at-law in Zurich. Prof. Weber is member of the Editorial Board of several Swiss and international legal periodicals and frequently publishes on issues of global law. His main fields of research and practice are IT- and Internet, international trade and finance as well as competition law.

Chris Wiersma

Chris Wiersma is an independent researcher and senior adviser-jurist. Chris specializes in Information Law, especially having expertise in media law, IP/copyright, data protection and the impact of digital technologies on human rights, in the context of European legislation. Previously, Chris held positions as scientific staff at the Universities of Amsterdam and Ghent, where he taught classes in law and political/ social sciences. His work has been published in Dutch and English in journals such as Mediaforum (deLex), Auteurs en Media (Larcier), Nordic Journal of Human Rights (Taylor&Francis/Routledge) andCommunication Law and Policy (idem). Recent research on ORCiD at 0000-0002-5137-6046.

Richard Wingfield

Richard is Head of Legal at Global Partners Digital, an international human rights organisation working to enable a digital environment underpinned by human rights. Richard oversees the organisation’s legal, policy and research function, building its understanding of the application of international law to internet and digital policy, developing its policy positions, and monitoring trends and developments across the world. Richard also oversees the organisation’s engagement in key legislative and legal processes at the national, regional and global levels, as well as its engagement with the tech sector.

Monika Zalnieriute

Dr. Monika Zalnieriute is a Senior Lecturer and Australian Research Council DECRA Fellow at UNSW Sydney. She holds a PhD in Law from European University Institute in Florence, Italy. Previously, Monika led a research stream on ‘Technologies and Rule of Law’ at the Allens Hub for Technology, Law and Innovation at UNSW Law Sydney, and held a Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of Melbourne, where she worked on the digital rights and discrimination of marginalized groups online.